MDOT Removes Large Stretch of Capital Beltway From Toll-Lane Plan

The Maryland Department of Transportation's "new recommended preferred alternative” in the state’s plan to add toll lanes to the Capital Beltway and I-270. The new alterative focuses solely on building a new American Legion Bridge and adding two high occupancy toll lanes in each direction from the American Legion Bridge and I-270 to I-370. The alternative calls for “no action at this time" on the Beltway east of the I-270 eastern spur. Department of Transportation graphic.

In an apparent nod to opponents of the planned widening of two highways that run through Montgomery County, state transportation officials announced on Wednesday that they have scaled back their footprint for the project.

The changes are reflected in a “new recommended preferred alternative” to the planned construction of toll lanes on the Capital Beltway (I-495) and Interstate 270.

Under the revision, Maryland and its team of private-sector investors would continue to move forward with the reconstruction of the American Legion Bridge and the widening of the western-most section of I-495 and the southern section of I-270.

But the new plan eliminates the construction of high-occupancy toll lanes along the 30-mile stretch of the Beltway that runs between the I-270 spurs in Bethesda and MD Route 5 in Prince George’s County.

At a news conference, Gov. Lawrence J. Hogan Jr. (R) called the bridge “the most critical” piece of his plan to ease congestion in the region.

“It’s where the biggest bottleneck is,” he said. “Our intention is moving forward.”

Planners in Montgomery and Prince George’s have long complained that the scope of the federally-mandated environmental review was overly broad given the state’s 2019 decision to build the project in phases — resulting in a needlessly-long set of issues to resolve.

Late Wednesday, top Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission officials praised MDOT for its actions.

“As a cooperating agency on the Managed Lanes Study, we are pleased and encouraged by the State’s phased approach,” said the panel’s chairwoman, Elizabeth Hewlett. “Now we can focus on what is proposed and what could be implemented in the near term so that our communities can truly benefit from this plan.”

M-NCPPC vice-chairman Casey Anderson called the move “a huge step in the right direction.”

“We are going to want to work through the details, especially as it relates to funds for transit and minimizing impacts to parkland and we will also look to our elected officials for input on the issues they consider important.”

Maryland Transportation Secretary Greg Slater has logged long hours conferring with planners and other officials in the capital region, in an effort to address some of their concerns about the project.

“This was really about aligning our [National Environmental Policy Act] approach with our commercial approach,” Slater said in an interview. “We felt pretty strongly that the most important element of this entire program is the American Legion Bridge.”

Even after Wednesday’s announcement, however, some leaders questioned the use of variably-priced tolls, which are in widespread use in Northern Virginia and elsewhere. Critics contend they favor the well-to-do.

Montgomery County Council President Tom Hucker (D) said the decision to drop most of the Beltway from the plan reflected the “growing public awareness of how they’ve fast-tracked this wildly unpopular project.”

To avoid having to use public funds, Hogan decided in 2017 to have private-sector companies finance and build the new “managed lanes,” in exchange for the right to set toll rates and keep almost all of the money.

Hucker said the state’s decision to drop a large piece of the original plan appeared to be an acknowledgement that President Biden and U.S. Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg have a vastly different philosophy than the prior administration.

The state’s approach “abjectly fails the test for transportation projects that the federal government now has — that they move people and not vehicles, and that they pass a climate test and a racial equity test,” Hucker said. “This 1970s-style project fails those 21st century standards.”

MDOT’s adoption of “new Recommended Preferred Alternative” requires the agency to issue a “supplemental” draft environmental impact statement (DEIS).

That statement will be released in “late summer,” and it will run parallel to the original, the agency said on Wednesday. The public will have the opportunity to comment on it after it is released.

MDOT and the Federal Highway Administration are still in the process of considering approximately 3,000 public comments that were submitted in response to the original draft impact statement.

“The agencies will respond to substantive comments received on both the DEIS and the (Supplemental) DEIS in the study’s combined Final Environmental Impact Statement/Record of Decision,” the agency said.

Montgomery County Executive Marc B. Elrich (D) said the state’s decision represented “a really, really important step” toward improving project.

But Elrich, who has long urged the state to abandon its insistence on establishing four HOT lanes on I-270, thinks the plan could still be scaled back further. In his view, Maryland should create two reversible lanes — carrying traffic southbound in the morning and northbound at night.

He said there is enough pavement along the highway to add one lane in each direction by rebuilding the bridges that take county roads over I-270.

“There’s nothing in planned development in Montgomery County that requires the addition to two lanes in both directions,” he said. “The growth and the concentration [of development] is going to be around Metro stations, and a little bit along the Corridor Cities Transitway.”

Hogan “has a problem that he can solve with two reversible lanes,” Elrich added. “He can solve it tomorrow.”

Rep. Anthony G. Brown (D-Md.) applauded the state for abandoning its “ill-conceived plan” to build toll lanes along the entire Maryland side of the Beltway, and he urged Hogan to ensure that transit — rail or bus-rapid transit — is incorporated in the new American Legion Bridge.

“There’s still a lot of work to be done,” he said. “The governor and his team have to be committed to working that piece as well.”

Edgar Gonzalez, head of the Suburban Maryland Transportation Alliance, said in an email that MDOT’s new plan “totally makes sense and should have been prioritized earlier, but it is great that the State and Federal agencies have agreed to separate this phase from the rest.”

“Great news for commuters, businesses and transit riders who will be able to take advantage of the HOT lanes in the future,” he added.

Editor’s note: This story has been updated to include comments from Transportation Secretary Greg Slater.

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Bruce DePuyt
Bruce DePuyt spent nearly three decades on local television, including 14 years as executive producer and host of News Talk on NewsChannel 8 in the Washington, D.C., area. He has served as reporter, anchor and producer/host of 21 This Week in Montgomery County and as reporter/anchor at NBC affiliate WVIR-TV in Charlottesville, VA. He's a regular contributor to WTOP (103.5 FM) and frequently moderates community and political events.